COPD is the 3rd leading cause of death worldwide . In 2019, WHO estimated that 3.23 million people died for COPD . More than 140,000 Americans die of COPD every year . It is believed that COPD is a syndrome, consisting of multiple disease subtypes. This new R01, which is a collaboration with Craig Hersh (Harvard) and Frank Sciurba (Pitt) aims to identify such subtypes, which can help in the future to develop better disease management and treatment strategies.
 WHO Fact Sheets (link)
 WHO Global Health Estimates (link)
 CDC: COPD Key Facts (link)